Grand Strategy Marine Biodiversity Conservation

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“>Background

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“>Our future depends on coastal and marine ecosystems. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“> They serve the indispensable role of feeding human populations and are essential in climate cycles and other global processes that sustain life. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“> Being an archipelagic state located in a tropic region, Indonesian coastal and marine ecosystems are home to a vast array of flora and fauna, from a wider range of taxonomic groups than on land, constituting a huge pool of marine biodiversity (<b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;
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“>mega-biodiversity).

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“>The existence of marine biodiversity and its ecosystem is essential for development; and; in addition, as an intrinsic part of the culture, not just of tribal and coastal people but also as a vital part of the natural and cultural heritage of the world.

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“>Special zones are mainly concentrated in small areas of coral reefs, sea-grass beds and mangroves around the coasts, which provide rich feeding and breeding grounds for fish.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“>  Coral reefs are particularly at risk, from global warming, mining for building materials, land-based pollution and siltation, over-fishing, destructive fishing and unregulated tourism.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“>  While such areas are small in comparison with the open seas, they are the most diverse and threatened, they are as well as the source of many livelihoods of coastal communities.

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“>Based on the facts above, marine biodiversity and its ecosystem are facing serious degradation, therefore, attempts to restore their natural condition, as well as the sustainability of marine biodiversity and its ecosystems, is mandatory.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“> 

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“>This is true as the dichotomy between utilization and conservation prevails.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“>  For the future, we should leave such old thinking behind. Conservation efforts play an integral part in the restoration of natural conditions for marine biodiversity and its ecosystems.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
“>  At the same time, the natural resources from coastal and marine regions are very important assets for the development of the nation. Consequently, they may be cautiously exploited by taking into account the principals of perpetual and sustainability use.

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“>In agreement with statement above, the vision, missions and strategies are designed to achieve the conservation as well as utilization in harmony. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;
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“>Vision

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“>Perpetual marine biodiversity and its ecosystems for the welfare of the nation

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“>Missions

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“><span style="mso-list: Ignore;
“>a.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
“>      <span style="FONT-SIZE: 11.5pt;
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“>Optimal protection, conservation, and utilization of marine biodiversity and its ecosystems.

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“>b.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Building of awareness and a sense of responsibility in order to secure the role of the stakeholders in perpetuating marine biodiversity and its ecosystems

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“><span style="mso-list: Ignore;
“>c.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Optimization of the functions and utilization of marine biodiversity and its ecosystems in sustainable manner towards the welfare of the Indonesian people

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“>Strategies

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“>a.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Improvement and development of programs for conservation of marine biodiversity and its ecosystems.

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“>b.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Upgrading the human resources capacity and other resources taking into account the local knowledge.

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“>c.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Strengthening institutional capacity and law enforcement.

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“>d.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Expanding cooperation and networking among stakeholders.

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“>e.<span style="FONT: 7pt 'Times New Roman';
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“>Monitoring, controlling, and surveillance for conservation of marine biodiversity and its ecosystems.

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